Distance sampling is widely used for estimating the abundance of wild animal populations. St Andrews provides software implementing our methodologies for designing and analysing distance sampling surveys. This software has been downloaded by over 35,000 users in over 110 countries. The two most widely used forms of distance sampling are line and point transect sampling. In line transect sampling, an observer travels along a line, and records distances from the line of detected animals. A model for the probability of detection as a function of distance from the line is fitted, from which abundance is estimated. In point transect sampling, an observer visits points, and records distances of detected animals from each point. In the mural, the equation Pa = ... describes the average detection probability in the surveyed area for line transects.
Potts, J.M., Buckland, S.T., Thomas, L. and Savage, A. in press. Estimating Key Largo woodrat abundance using spatially explicit capture-recapture and trapping point transects. Wildlife Society Bulletin.
Buckland, S.T., Rexstad, E., Thomas, L. and Borchers, D.L. 2016. Distance sampling surveys of population size: enabling better decision-making by wildlife managers. Pp. 45-51 in UK Success Stories in Industrial Mathematics, P.J. Aston, T.J. Mulholland and K.M.M. Tant (eds). Springer, New York.
Oedekoven, C.S., King, R., Buckland, S.T., Mackenzie, M.L., Evans, K.O. and Burger, L.W. 2016. Using hierarchical centering to facilitate a reversible jump MCMC algorithm for random effects models. Computational Statistics and Data Analysis 98, 79-90.
Borchers, D.L., Stevenson, B.C., Kidney, D., Thomas, L. and Marques, T.A. 2015. A unifying model for capture-recapture and distance sampling surveys of wildlife populations. Journal of the American Statistical Association 110, 195-204.
Oedekoven, C.S., Buckland, S.T., Mackenzie, M.L., King, R., Evans, K.O. and Burger, L.W. 2014. Bayesian methods for hierarchical distance sampling models. Journal of Agricultural, Biological and Environmental Statistics 19, 219-239.
Okot Omoya, E., Mudumba, T., Buckland, S.T., Mulondo, P. and Plumptre, A.J. 2014. Estimating population sizes of lions Panthera leo and spotted hyaenas Crocuta crocuta in Ugandas savannah national parks using lure count methods. Oryx 48, 394-401.
Cox, M.J., Borchers, D.L. and Kelly, N. 2013. Nupoint: an R package for density estimation from point transects in the presence of nonuniform animal density. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 4, 589-594.
Evans, K.O., Burger, L.W., Oedekoven, C.S., Smith, M.D., Riffell, S.K., Martin, J.A. and Buckland, S.T. 2013. Multi-region response to conservation buffers targeted for northern bobwhite. J. Wildlife Management 77, 716-725.
Langrock, R., Borchers, D.L. and Skaug, H. 2013. Markov-modulated nonhomogeneous Poisson processes for modeling detections in surveys of marine mammal abundance. Journal of the American Statistical Association 108, 840-851.
Marques, T.A., Buckland, S.T., Bispo, R. and Howland, B. 2013. Accounting for animal density gradients using independent information in distance sampling surveys. Statistical Methods and Applications 22, 67-80.
Oedekoven, C.S., Buckland, S.T., Mackenzie, M.L., Evans, K.O. and Burger, L.W. 2013. Improving distance sampling: accounting for covariates and non-independency between sampled sites. J. App. Ecol. 50, 786-793.
Plumptre, A.J., Sterling, E.J. and Buckland, S.T. 2013. Primate census and survey techniques. Pp. 10-26 in Primate Ecology and Conservation: A Handbook of Techniques. E.J. Sterling, N. Bynum and M.E. Blair (eds). Oxford University Press, Oxford.
Potts, J.M., Buckland, S.T., Thomas, L. and Savage, A. 2012. Estimating abundance of cryptic but trappable animals using trapping point transects: a case study for Key Largo woodrats. Methods in Ecology and Evolution 3, 695-703.
Russell, R.E., Lehmkuhl, J.F., Buckland, S.T. and Saab, V.A. 2010. Short-term responses of red squirrels to prescribed burning in the interior Pacific Northwest, USA. Journal of Wildlife Management 74, 12-17.
Thomas, L., Buckland, S.T., Rexstad, E.A., Laake, J.L., Strindberg, S., Hedley, S.L., Bishop, J.R.B., Marques, T.A. and Burnham, K.P. 2010. Distance software: design and analysis of distance sampling surveys for estimating population size. J. App. Ecol. 47, 5-14.